Meteorology: Observations, Forecast, and Disaster Prevention
Currently in Taiwan, the Central Weather Bureau (CWB) has 27 synoptic weather stations, more than 500 automatic weather and rain gauge stations, and four weather radar stations, all of which can be used, along with satellite observation, to monitor and analyze weather systems.
Along our coasts, 26 tide stations regularly collect and issue data regarding waves, tides, storm surge, surface-current speed and temperature in the seas surrounding Taiwan.
Collectively, the technology described above helps forecasters make detailed weather and wave forecasts, issue typhoon warnings and other severe weather advisories. A real-time thunderstorm early warning system provides advance warnings.
At the moment, the CWB has more than 200 seismic stations. Approximately 30 seconds after an earthquake happens, these seismic stations send a preliminary assessment of the earthquake’s scale and epicenter. In three to five minutes, quick reports are ready.
In the future, customized weather data and diversified applications providing information and alerts will be the key to broadening the scope of meteorological services.
Furthermore, the CWB promises continuous effort will be made to strengthen its response to emergency weather. Meteorological-seismic equipment, with weather-monitoring capacity, will assist in disaster prevention and mitigation, thereby promoting Taiwan’s economic development.