Meteorology: Observations, Forecast, and Disaster Prevention
Currently in Taiwan, the Central Weather Bureau (CWB) has 25 synoptic weather stations, over 500 automatic weather and rain gauge stations, and 4 weather radar stations, all of which, along with satellite observation, carry out various tasks for weather monitoring and analysis.
Along coastal areas, 27 tide stations and 11 data buoys regularly collect and submit data regarding waves, tides, storm surge, surface-current speed, and temperature in the seas surrounding Taiwan.
Collectively, this technology helps forecasters make detailed weather and wave forecasts and issue typhoon warnings as well as other severe weather advisories. There is also a real-time thunderstorm early warning system providing advance warnings.
At the moment, the CWB has more than 200 seismic stations. Approximately 30 seconds after an earthquake happens, these seismic stations send a preliminary assessment of the earthquake’s scale and epicenter. In three to five minutes, quick reports will be ready.
In the future, customized weather data and diversified applications providing information and alerts will be the key to broadening the scope of meteorological services
In the meantime, the CWB continues to strengthen its response to weather emergencies, upgrade meteorological-seismic equipment, and improve weather-monitoring capacity, so as to assist in disaster prevention and mitigation and boost Taiwan’s economic development.