Meteorology: Observations, Forecast, and Disaster Prevention
Currently, the Central Weather Bureau (CWB) has 25 synoptic weather stations, over 500 automatic weather and rain gauge stations, 4 S-band weather radar stations, 3 dual-polarization C-band radars, and 1 wind profiler on Dongsha Islands, all of which, along with satellite observation, carry out various tasks for weather monitoring and analysis.
Along the coasts, 27 tide stations, 12 data buoys, 5 short range radars and 2 long range antenna array radars regularly collect and submit data regarding waves, tides, storm surge, surface-current speed, and temperature in the seas surrounding Taiwan.
Collectively, this technology helps forecasters make detailed weather and wave forecasts, and provide tropical depression and typhoon forecasts, typhoon warnings and other severe weather advisories when necessary. There is also a real-time thunderstorm early warning system providing advance warnings.
At the moment, the CWB has more than 737 seismic stations. About 10 seconds after an inland earthquake happens, intensity estimates for surrounding areas can be issued, and quick reports are ready in 3 to 5 minutes.
In the future, customized weather data and diversified applications providing information and alerts will be the key to broadening the scope of meteorological services
In the meantime, the CWB continues to strengthen its response to weather emergencies, upgrade meteorological-seismic equipment, and improve weather-monitoring capacity, so as to assist in disaster prevention and mitigation and boost Taiwan’s economic development.