This article lists current working directives for the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), recent key operations in traffic safety and public transportation, and its continuous efforts and promotion towards the following key projects and policy objectives:
- New traffic safety measures reduce the number of accident casualty
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, there are still approximately 3,000 road accident fatalities in Taiwan each year with the highest number found in the 18-24 age-group, causing tremendous harm to Taiwan’s economy and family happiness. To turn around the meaningless sacrifice of life and property, we will continue to work hard on traffic safety.
- We have set a national traffic safety objective for the years 2018-2019 – The number of fatalities where deaths occur within 30 days after an accident shall drop from the current 3,000 people per year to 2,500 and the number of fatalities in the young adult group (18-24 year-olds) shall decline from 400 per year to 250, with a zero tolerance policy imposed on drunk driving.
- We will take a variety of sophisticated measures to improve transportation safety, including promoting traffic safety in schools, applying modern technology to assist law enforcement, adjusting insurance rates based on human-factor ratings, and strengthening driver education.
- Additionally, an on-road driving test has been fully implemented since 2017, and the licensing system now also requires operators of lightweight scooters to take a road test where four new items have been added – “left turn in two sections,” “changing lanes,” “90-degree turns” and “stop-and-go” – so as to increase authentic practice before they hit the road. We also conduct physical and cognitive function examinations for elderly drivers aged 75 and above to ensure their physical and mental health state, and to retest their driving capability before granting the renewal of their licenses.
- We have established road traffic safety laws which emphasize education rather than discipline, in an attempt to teach road users correct methods to travel and access by specifying rights and obligations for road use and establishing an active system for driver management, so that the public will comply with the laws voluntarily. In addition, road safety will be further enhanced while violations, injuries and deaths reduced with the support from technology-based law enforcement and management equipment.
- Improving public transportation and promoting air pollution control to provide a green and convenient traffic environment
- We have been actively developing public transportation and optimizing its network. We have also been promoting diversity in road public transportation as well as seamless transit to guide change of the public’s habits in transportation tools in order to reduce emissions.
- Considering the intense interaction between mailmen and neighborhoods, the MOTC took the lead to demand reduction of mail fleet emission and formed a fleet of 1,627 environmentally friendly motorcycles on January 15, 2018.
- We will restrict the access by polluting vehicles to closed indoor parking lots through progressive measures to protect public health. Consequently, we will also assist the local government with planning air quality maintenance zones through incorporation of technology-based law enforcement and policy promotion.
- Planning the “Forward-Looking Infrastructure Development Program- Railway Construction” and building energy-saving and low-carbon transportation networks to develop local rail industries
To promote balanced regional development and to reduce the urban-rural gap, we have taken the initiative in planning and promoting the “Forward-Looking Infrastructure Development Program- Railway Construction” to establish a safe and convenient rail transportation system.
With urban mass transit metro systems, a network integrating high speed rail and conventional railways, upgrading of conventional railways, improvement of rail services in eastern Taiwan, railway elevation or speedier commute, construction of tourism rail, and by inviting relevant local departments to hold series of workshops, we can enrich the planning capacity of mass transit for counties and cities.
The MOTC, along with the Ministry of Economic Affairs, has grasped the opportunity of rail plan review and procurement to have launched three promotive measures for the development of domestic rail industries:
- The concept of total life cycle of rail system has been integrated into preparation of the cross-department “Rail Industry Promotion Bulletin,” whose purposes are to formulate rail development strategies, promote matches between industry demand and supply, and establish key performance indicators (KPIs) of localization for construction and maintenance of rail industries.
- The “Railway Technical Research and Certification Institute” will be established to set rail technology specification standards, develop test verification and safety certification mechanisms, provide equipment improvement and technology solutions, and expand involvement from domestic suppliers.
- Increasing the ratio of self-production for rail maintenance components in order to further develop our rail industry.
- Implementing smart transportation to develop big data application services
Rapid development in information and communication technology as well as availability of smart mobile devices has led to the main trends for the present and future: cloud technology, big data, IoT, and artificial intelligence (AI). Therefore, we have introduced these technologies into smart transportation construction to enhance transportation management performances, so as to resolve problems faced by the public such as safety, congestion and inconvenience in rural areas.
- We have applied the brand-new “Mobility as a Service” (MaaS) strategy for the Beiyi Corridor. With the ICT and big data technologies, we have linked current segmented transportation modes, including buses, rails, taxis, rental cars, and car-pooling and integrated their payment methods to provide drivers with forecast of traveling time, departing time and routes suggestions in order to relieve congestion along the Corridor.
- To promote uniformity of public transportation information and fulfill the purpose of information sharing, we have established procedures for data coding and standardization so that cross-department and cross-mode transportation information can be linked and exchanged. Moreover, to expand applications, we have also developed a service platform which integrates public transportation information for the public, strengthening convenience in the use of public transportation. The contents include: timetables, routes, stops, real-time positions, and arrival/departure for airlines, buses, rails, and bicycles all over Taiwan. Such information also benefits central, local and private value-adding service providers.
- Enlivening local economies and developing diverse tourism markets
When it comes to promoting tourism, in addition to actively improving traffic safety and creating a safe tourism environment in Taiwan, the domestic tourism industry shall not merely look to raise the total number, but shall work on developing eco-tourism, stimulating local economies, and assisting with industrial transformation to further guide tourism development. Such strategies can not only bring jobs to remote rural areas but also bolster social stability.
- To compensate the declining number of Chinese tourists to Taiwan and to assist with tourism development in the influenced areas, we have been continuously promoting products with local characteristics and encouraging domestic travel, so as to alleviate the impact on tourism-related industries and areas as well as to help local economies recover and restore business opportunities.
- For long-term, sustainable development and implementation of local features in tourism, we will actively integrate assets such as local cultures and industries to promote local travel and smart tourism. We also aim to encourage eco-tourism and humanitarian tourism so as to leverage Taiwan’s unique resources and industry advantages to best respond to new trends in the tourism industry.
- To stimulate diversified development in the tourism industry and to promote transformation and expansion of the market, we will employ incentives to assist operators’ capability to receive guests from emerging markets, develop a full array of tourism products, meet the needs of different types of travelers and strengthen brand images and services in Taiwan.
- In response to the continuous growth in the Asian cruise market in recent years, we have promoted the “Industrializing Taiwan Cruises” policy to cultivate Keelung Port and Kaohsiung Port as “cruise terminals.” Such terminals integrate combine cruise features and city characteristics. We also encourage cruise operators to plan itineraries for the exciting travel mode of “Fly + Cruise” as a selling point, spurring peripheral spending, providing cruise supplies as well as stimulating employment opportunities.
|Minister of MOTC|