This article lists current working directions for Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), recent key operations in traffic safety and public transportation, and its continuous efforts and promotion towards the following key projects and policy objectives:
- New traffic safety measures reduce the number of accident casualty
According to the statistics of Ministry of Health and Welfare, there are still over 3,000 road traffic fatalities in Taiwan each year with the highest numbers found in the 16-24 age-group, causing tremendous harm to Taiwan’s social economy and family happiness. To turn around the meaningless sacrifice of public life and property, we will continue to focus on traffic safety.
- We have set the national objective of traffic safety for the years 2017-2019 – The number of fatalities where deaths occur within 30 days after a road traffic accident should drop from the current 3,000 people per year to 2,500, the number of fatalities in the 18-24 year-old category fall from 400 per year to 250, and a zero tolerance policy be imposed on drunk driving!
- We take a variety of sophisticated measures to improve transportation safety, including promoting traffic safety in schools, making use of modern technology to assist law enforcement, adjusting insurance rates based on human-factor ratings and strengthening driver education.
- Additionally, since 2017 an on-road driving test has been fully implemented; the motorcycle licensing system also requires the operators of lightweight scooters to take a road test, and four new items have been added, including“ left turn in two sections”, “changing lanes”, “90-degree turns” and a “stop-and-go test”, so as to increase the actual driving practice.
- We are currently drafting the development of a new “Road Traffic Act” in an attempt to teach road users correct traffic methods by specifying the rights and obligations for road use and establishing an active system for driver management so that the public will comply with the laws voluntarily.
- Strengthening the equipment and management of buses and trucks to improve driving safety
To implement the safety management of large vehicles and assure driving safety, we will reinforce vehicle auditing and encourage virtue and punish wickedness with constant and active strengthening of promoting relevant measures.
- Regulations regarding vehicle safety testing directions have been promulgated, and starting from 2017, new buses must be equipped with movable safety windows that can be opened.
- The “maintenance-inspection combined” policy for commercial buses will be implemented, which requires presentation of maintenance records for regular inspection regardless of the age of the vehicle.
- With respect to the acts of operators’ safety management, the information will be incorporated into the dynamic management system so as to keep track of vehicles and check the driver's working hours.
- Information on vehicles’ safety equipment will be disclosed for public, offering citizens a chance to look it up when renting a car; consumers can therefore supervise the quality. We will also publicize information on operators who care about traffic safety, dutifully fulfill their corporate responsibility and take the initiative in installing vision-based driver assistance systems as a reference to be taken into account by all sectors.
- In order to reduce traffic accidents caused by the dead angle of bus drivers’ field of vision when making turns, we have not only stipulated that new large vehicles be equipped with a vision-based driver assistance system as well as audible warning devices to help with turning and reversing, but also been actively urging large vehicles in use to have relevant equipment installed as early as possible to enhance driving safety.
- 6. A subsidy mechanism is setting into action and we are working with the key local governments where large vehicles frequently pass through to include installation of safety equipment, such as vision-based driver assistance systems, as a reference to approve temporary pass validity period and as a condition to loosen restrictions on applying for driving permissions on certain urban roads.
- Planning “Forward-Looking Infrastructure Development Program- Railway Construction” and building energy-saving and low-carbon transportation networks
To promote regional balanced development and to reduce the urban-rural gap, we have taken initiatives in planning and promoting “Forward-Looking Infrastructure Development Program- Railway Construction” for the establishment of a safe and convenient public transportation rail system. Urban rail transit networks, such as a high speed rail-Taiwan Railway connection network, a Taiwan Railway upgrade and improvement of rail services in eastern Taiwan, railway elevation or commute speed increase, as well as planning tourism railway projects will provide people in Taiwan with friendly, safety, convenient, and energy-saving low-carbon services via rail transportation system.
Moreover, we have developed three major strategies in terms of promoting urban rail development:
- Revenue Improvement: Increase traffic volume, improve the overall finance, sponsor rail workshop, assist local governments with their development of traffic volume, and implement urban projects.
- Cost Control: Control total life cycle costs through the assistance and counseling from existing rail transit professionals. Invite operating agencies to participate in the planning, design and construction phases to assure future sustainable operations.
- Industry Promotion: Promote railway and tourism integration to establish a solid foundation for local economies. Promote standardization of rail industries, build domestic vehicles in Taiwan, integrate rail transit construction with operations, and develop operating brands for export.
- Enliven Local Economies and Develop Diverse Tourism Markets
In addition to actively improving traffic safety and creating a safe tourism environment in Taiwan, we believe that when promoting tourism progress, the domestic tourism industry should not merely look to raise total numbers, but should work on developing eco-tourism, stimulating local economies, and assisting with industrial transformation to further guide the development of tourism. Hence, the following efforts can not only bring jobs to remote rural areas but also bolster social stability:
- To assist in the development of sightseeing in the counties, cities and areas influenced by the declining number of Chinese tourists to Taiwan, we will promote tourism products with local characteristics and encourage domestic tourism, so as to alleviate the impact on the tourism-related industries and counties and cities and help local economies to recover and restore business opportunities.
- For long-term, sustainable tourism development and implementation of local tourism features, we will actively integrate tourism assets such as local cultures and industries, promote local travel and smart tourism, and encourage eco-tourism and humanitarian tourism so as to leverage Taiwan’s unique tourism resources and industry advantages to best respond to new trends in the tourism industry.
- To guide the tourism industry towards diversified developments and promote transformation to expand the market, we will employ incentives to assist operators with enhancing their ability of receiving guests from emerging markets, developing a full array of tourism products, meeting the needs of various travelers and strengthening brand images and services of Taiwan.
- Strengthen flight safety administration and maintain aviation safety
- The 2017 key flight supervisions include continuous inspection regarding compliance with Civil Aviation Industry Safety Management System (SMS) operations according to State Safety Program (SSP), strengthening of supervision on flight safety and risk management of the civil aviation industry with concurrent intensification of crew competency training and test mechanism, and industry airworthiness maintenance management process.
- We have conducted inspection work regarding the effectiveness of safety management system operations for aviation transport industries registered in Taiwan. We will then constantly supervise industry improvement and inspection for any procedural flaws discovered in order to conform to the regulations and assure flight safety.
- Organize frequent spectrum allocating and lead in the innovative development of telecommunication industries
In cooperation with the movement in international 5G frequencies, we are scheduled to incorporate the possible frequencies of international 5G early commercialization with the “radio frequency spectrum plan” as the experimental frequencies by the end of 2017. We will also coordinate with the National Communication Commission of Taiwan to establish the SOP for the application of a 5G experimental spectrum, thereby facilitating domestic industries conducting 5G related tests with early control of business opportunities for 5G developments.
|Minister of MOTC|